garlic attribute

The health benefits of garlic are incredible. Garlic is one of the most common treatments for hoarseness. Also, garlic alone is effective for treating toothache and a mixture of garlic and ginger is effective for treating wisdom tooth pain. Hippocrates, the ancient Greek physician and father of Western medicine, used to prescribe garlic to cure a variety of health problems. In fact, he believed, “Let food be your medicine and medicine be your food.” New science has recently confirmed many of the health benefits of garlic. This rich plant is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world and historical records show that its use began almost 5,000 years ago.

Legend has it that the Egyptian pharaohs valued this magical plant so much that they gave their slaves a certain amount of food every day to build the pyramids of Egypt to keep them hard, fit, and strong to do so. Throughout history, garlic has always been known as a suitable treatment for a variety of diseases. For example, during the outbreak of infectious diseases such as cholera, tuberculosis and World War I, it was used as a disinfectant for wounds that needed to be cleaned and treated.

35 properties of garlic for its health and possible harms

1. Contains a compound called allicin with potential medicinal properties

Garlic is a plant of the genus Allium (onion) and is closely related to onions, shallots, and leeks. This plant grows in many parts of the world and is a popular condiment in cooking due to its strong smell and delicious taste. However, throughout ancient history, garlic has been used primarily for its health and medicinal properties. Evidence of this is well documented in all major civilizations, including the Egyptians, Babylonians, Greeks, Romans, and Chinese.

There are about 10 to 20 cloves of garlic per plant - the properties of garlic

The whole “end of the plant” is called a clove of garlic and each piece is called a clove. There are about 10 to 20 cloves of garlic per plant. We now know that the health benefits of garlic are due to the sulfur compounds that are produced when garlic is crushed, crushed or chewed. Garlic has a compound called allicin, and the different smell of garlic is due to this compound.

Allicin enters the body through the gastrointestinal tract and travels throughout the body, exerting strong biological effects (which we will discuss in a moment).

In short: Garlic is a plant from the onion family and is grown for its use in cooking and its health benefits. Garlic is rich in a sulfur compound called allicin, which is said to derive most of the health benefits and properties of garlic.

۲. Very nutritious but low in calories

Every single calorie of garlic is extremely nutritious. 28 grams of garlic per person contains these nutrients:

  • Manganese: 23% of the body’s needs per day;
  • Vitamin B6: 17% of the body’s needs every day;
  • Vitamin C: 15% of the body needs every day;
  • Selenium: 6% of the body’s needs every day;
  • Fiber: 6 grams;
  • And appropriate amounts of calcium, copper, potassium, phosphorus, iron, vitamin B1.

Garlic also contains small amounts of other nutrients. In fact, almost everything we need is found in garlic. These benefits come from consuming 42 calories, along with 1.8 grams of protein and 9 grams of carbohydrates.

In short: Garlic is low in calories and rich in vitamin C, vitamin B6 and manganese. It also contains good amounts of other minerals and vitamins needed by the body.

3. Properties of garlic for the treatment of colds

Garlic is said to be effective as a supplement in boosting the immune system.

A large 12-week study found that daily consumption of garlic as a dietary supplement reduced the number of cold reports of those who consumed garlic by 63% compared to the control group. Also, the average duration of cold symptoms was 5 days in the control group, but in the group of garlic consumers, it reached 1.5 days and had a 70% reduction.

Another study has shown that high doses of garlic extract (2.56 grams per day) can reduce the number of days with a cold or flu by 61%.

In summary: Garlic as a dietary supplement helps prevent and reduce the worsening of the flu and improve colds.

4. Lower blood pressure

Garlic lowers blood pressure.

Cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke are the biggest killers in the world. High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the most important causes of these diseases. Human research has shown that garlic as a dietary supplement has a significant effect on lowering blood pressure in people with high blood pressure.

In one study, garlic extract at a dose of 600 to 1500 mg over a 24-week period was as effective in lowering blood pressure as atenolol. The dose of garlic as a dietary supplement should be relatively high to have the desired effects. The amount of allicin the body needs is about 4 cloves of garlic a day.

In summary: Apparently, high doses of garlic lower blood pressure in those with high blood pressure. In some cases, the effect of this dietary supplement can be as effective as conventional medications.

5. Reduce the risk of heart disease

Garlic is effective in lowering total cholesterol and lower cholesterol (bad cholesterol) and lowering the risk of heart disease. For those with high cholesterol, garlic as a dietary supplement seems to reduce total or ideal cholesterol by about 10 to 15 percent.

If we look specifically at LDL(bad cholesterol) and HDL(good cholesterol), garlic seems to reduce LDL but has no proven effect on HDL.

Garlic does not appear to lower triglyceride levels, which are a risk factor for heart disease.

In summary: Garlic as a supplement seems to reduce total and ideal cholesterol; Especially in those with high cholesterol. Garlic apparently has no effect on HD cholesterol and triglycerides.

6. Help to have a longer life

It is basically impossible to prove the properties of garlic on human life expectancy, but given its beneficial effects on important risk factors such as blood pressure, it makes sense that garlic would help you live longer. The fact that garlic can fight infectious diseases is another property of garlic. These diseases are common causes of death; Especially in the elderly or people with defective immune systems.

In summary: Garlic has known beneficial effects on the common causes of chronic diseases, so it makes perfect sense to help you live longer.

7. Prevention of Alzheimer’s disease and forgetfulness

Properties of garlic to prevent Alzheimer's

Oxidative damage caused by free radicals is effective in the aging process. Garlic contains antioxidants that strengthen the body’s defense mechanism against oxidative damage. High doses of garlic as a dietary supplement have been shown to increase antioxidant enzymes. It also dramatically reduces oxidative stress in people with high blood pressure.

Overall, the effects of garlic on lowering cholesterol and blood pressure, as well as its antioxidant properties, can be helpful in preventing Alzheimer’s and forgetfulness and other brain diseases.

In summary: Garlic contains antioxidants that protect us from cell damage and aging. May reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.

8. Improve athletic performance

Garlic has been one of the “most basic ingredients” for improving performance. This plant has long been used in ancient cultures to reduce extreme fatigue and improve the ability of workers to work. Most importantly, it was distributed among Olympic athletes in ancient Greece. Research on rodents has shown that garlic helps with athletic performance, but the number of human studies conducted in this area is very small.

In one study, the heart rate of people with heart disease who consumed garlic oil for six weeks was reduced by 12 percent and their ability to exercise improved. However, a study of nine competing cyclists found no evidence of performance benefits. Other research suggests that excessive exercise-induced fatigue may be reduced by consuming garlic.

In summary: Garlic can improve physical function in laboratory animals and people with heart disease, but its effect in healthy people is not yet certain.

9. Detoxification of the body from heavy metals

It has been observed that the sulfur compounds in garlic in high doses protect the organs from the damage of toxic heavy metals and are effective in detoxifying the body from heavy metals. A 4-week study of car battery factory workers (those who were overexposed to lead) found that garlic reduced blood lead levels by 19 percent. It also reduces many clinical signs of poisoning, including headaches and high blood pressure.

The effect of consuming garlic 3 times a day on reducing these symptoms is even greater than that of dipenicillamine.

In summary: In one study, garlic significantly reduced lead toxicity and related symptoms.

10. Properties of garlic for bones

Garlic can improve bone health

In no human experiment has the effect of garlic on bone loss been measured. However, research in rodents has shown that garlic can minimize bone loss by increasing estrogen in female animals.

Research on postmenopausal women has shown that a daily dose of dried garlic (equivalent to 2 grams of raw garlic) dramatically reduces the symptoms of estrogen deficiency. (Symptoms of menopause and premenopause include decreased estrogen production.)

And this suggests that garlic may have beneficial effects on women’s bone health. Foods such as garlic and onions have also been shown to have beneficial effects on osteoarthritis.

In summary: Garlic appears to be beneficial for bone health by increasing estrogen levels in women, but more human research is needed.

۱۱. Properties of garlic for the liver; Protect the liver from damage caused by alcohol consumption

Prolonged and excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages can damage the liver and endanger its health. Scientists at China’s Shandong University have found that dialysate, an organic sulfur compound in garlic, can protect against oxidative stress caused by ethanol consumption. As a result, it can prevent alcohol-induced liver damage.

۱۲. High antibiotic properties

Diallyl disulfide is known to be 100 times more effective than 2 antibiotics in fighting Campylobacter. Campylobacters are bacteria that are found naturally in our environment and food, and garlic can protect us against them.

13. Prevention of osteoarthritis of the pelvis

According to a joint study by Kings University of London and the University of East Anglia in the UK, women who consume large amounts of “allium” in their diet are less likely to develop osteoarthritis. Alium is abundant in garlic, leeks, shallots and onions. The authors of this study believe that the results of this study show that garlic can not only be effective in preventing osteoarthritis, but also helps in its treatment.

A long-term study of more than 1,000 healthy twin women found that those with healthy eating habits, such as eating lots of fruits and vegetables (especially plants containing alium), were less likely to develop premature pelvic arthritis.

۱۴. Treatment of yeast infections

In laboratory studies, fresh garlic extract was able to inhibit the growth of Candida yeast. Candida is the most common cause of yeast infections. Allicin in garlic prevents the growth of fats on the outer surface of yeasts, preventing them from growing.

۱۵. Prevention of tooth decay and treatment of oral infections

Properties of garlic to prevent tooth decay

Bacteria cause plaque to form and eventually cause tooth decay. Garlic with its antimicrobial properties is effective in killing these bacteria. Garlic also treats oral infections such as pyorrhea (disease of the tissues around the teeth), thrush and wounds caused by dentures. Garlic can be used in combination with other antibiotics to treat bacteria resistant to various drugs. Allicin in garlic inhibits the activity of sulfur enzymes that bacteria need to survive.

۱۶. Help treat HIV infections

In one cell study, dialyl disulfide in garlic was able to kill or inhibit the growth of HIV-infected immune system cells. Diallyl disulfide also prevented the replication of these viruses by reducing the production of proteins effective in HIV replication.

The agave in garlic extract prevents healthy cells in the blood from combining with HIV-infected cells and prevents the HIV virus from replicating in infected cells. Aguin can inhibit the integration of blood cells by inactivating integrin (a protein that causes blood cells to combine).

۱۷. Helps heal wounds caused by Helicobacter pylori

Raw garlic has antibacterial properties against Helicobacter pylori. Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common causes of bacterial infections and one of the leading causes of ulcers in humans and animals. Garlic reacts with proteins that are effective in causing inflammation (TLR4) and (NF-kB) and prevents their effect on causing inflammation.

Garlic oil can help heal wounds in mice by increasing the concentration of antioxidant enzymes and inhibiting inflammatory proteins.

۱۸. Help treat intestinal infections caused by parasites

Garlic can treat infections caused by intestinal parasites such as giardiasis and tapeworms in mice. Allicin in garlic can impair the parasites’ ability to move, absorb food and reproduce by preventing the formation of fat in parasites.

Garlic also helps the immune system function and strengthens the body’s defense mechanism against parasitic infections by increasing the activity of white blood cells.

19. Cancer prevention and treatment

Properties of garlic for the treatment and prevention of cancer

Allyl mercaptocysteine ​​(SAMC) is a sulfur compound in garlic that can slow the growth of cancer cells and cause cancer cells to die. In cell studies, allyl mercaptocysteine ​​binds to the tubulin protein, which is involved in cell proliferation and disrupts cell growth. Allyl mercaptocysteine ​​also kills cancer cells by activating certain proteins.

20. Properties of garlic for men; Reduce the risk of prostate cancer

Doctors in the urology department of a hospital in Beijing, China, conducted a study to evaluate the effect of aluminum consumption and reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

They published their findings in the May 2013 issue of the Asia-Pacific Cancer Prevention Journal. The researchers concluded that consuming aluminum, especially garlic, could reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

The group also believes that due to the lack of sufficient relevant studies, more extensive and appropriate studies should be conducted to confirm their findings.

۲۱. Properties of garlic for women; Prevent the progression of breast cancer

Other properties of garlic include preventing the progression of breast cancer. Diallyl disulfide in garlic can inhibit the growth of breast tumors in mice by increasing the death of cancer cells and inhibiting their growth (with the help of Bcl-2 protein and the enzyme caspase).

۲۲. Properties of garlic for the stomach; Prevent the progression of stomach cancer

Allyl mercaptocysteine ​​in garlic can be effective in preventing the progression of gastric cancer in mice. Allyl mercaptocysteine ​​kills cancer cells by activating the enzyme caspase and protein kinase.

23. Prevent the progression of colon cancer

Prevent the progression of colon cancer

Preventing the progression of colon cancer is another property of garlic. Diallyl disulfide and allyl mercaptocysteine ​​in garlic were able to stop the growth of large intestinal tumors in mice by stopping the growth of cancer cells and increasing their death.

Diallyl disulfide disrupts the tumor growth cycle by activating the ERK protein. Allyl mercaptocysteine ​​increases cancer cell death by activating the JNK1 protein and the enzyme caspase.

۲۴. Prevention of bladder cancer

Garlic stimulated the immune system and detoxified mice from carcinogens to prevent the growth of bladder tumors in them. Increases the activity of macrophages (lymphocytes) and lymphocytes. The two attack cells involved in bladder cancer. Garlic clears the body of carcinogens by activating the antioxidant enzyme CYP2E1.

۲۵. Help treat allergies

Garlic extract can prevent allergic reactions in mice. The ethyl acetate in garlic extract can directly block the immune system FceRI protein. This protein is directly related to the release of inflammatory agents and the development of allergic reactions. Garlic extract can prevent allergic reactions by inhibiting the release of histamine.

۲۶. Properties of garlic for the skin; Protects the skin from ultraviolet rays

Garlic is effective in skin care against the damaging effects of ultraviolet rays by stimulating immune cells. When a person is exposed to ultraviolet rays, the urocanic acid in the skin changes and the immune system stops working. Garlic extract prevented a decrease in the activity of the immune system by reducing the concentration of urocanic acid in mice.

۲۷. Anti-aging properties

Properties of garlic for the beauty and youth of the skin

Long-term topical treatment with garlic extract can have anti-aging properties. Because garlic increases the growth and longevity of skin cells. People who eat garlic have healthier skin cells than others.

The antioxidants in garlic prevent free radical damage. Garlic also has antioxidant properties that promote cell growth and delay aging.

۲۸. Help treat skin lesions

سیر می‌تواند ضایعات پوستی مانند پسوریازیس و اگزما را درمان بکند. فعال‌شدن ترکیبی به‌نام NF-kB با بروز ضایعات پوستی در ارتباط است. این ترکیب توسط رادیکال‌های آزاد، عوامل سرطان‌زا و پرتو فرابنفش فعال شده و موجب بروز التهابات می‌شود.

The basic cysteine ​​in garlic inhibits NF-κB activity by inhibiting free radicals and reducing oxidative stress in cell model and human studies.

۲۹. Help heal wounds

Garlic helps heal colloidal wounds (excess flesh). These sores are severe sores caused by the overgrowth of collagen in the skin. Garlic can inhibit growth factors, nitric acid and enzymes that affect the production of excess collagen.

30. Properties of garlic for hair; Helps reduce hair loss or baldness

Properties of garlic to prevent hair loss

Garlic gel combined with steroid cream can help treat patients suffering from hair loss. Hair loss may occur as a result of immune system cells invading the hair follicles. Diallyl disulfide in garlic can prevent autoimmune reactions and stimulate hair growth by increasing the cells of the immune system.

31. Lower cholesterol

Garlic can reduce total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein or bad cholesterol by reducing the production of cholesterol in the liver. Bad cholesterol clots in the blood vessels and increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

In studies, garlic was able to lower cholesterol levels by inactivating cholesterol-producing enzymes in 70 diabetic patients.

32. Prevention of obesity

According to studies in mice, garlic can reduce the risk of obesity by losing weight and accumulating fat. In animal studies, garlic activates proteins in adipose tissue, liver, and muscle that can convert nutrients into heat instead of energy.

The agave in garlic prevents obesity by reducing adipose tissue in mice. Aguene produces hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide activates enzymes (protein kinases) that kill fat cells.

33. Help treat diabetes

Properties of garlic for the treatment of diabetes

Diabetes is caused by genetics, obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure or high blood sugar. Insulin resistance occurs when the body can no longer respond to insulin. This raises blood sugar levels and increases the risk of developing diabetes.

Garlic lowers insulin resistance, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol in diabetics. Garlic reduced blood sugar in mice by reducing the activity of phosphatase and aminotransferase enzymes that are effective in transferring glucose to the liver.

Garlic also inhibits the activity of an enzyme that breaks down CYP2E1 in the liver, thereby reducing insulin resistance. This enzyme can eventually disrupt insulin function by increasing oxidative stress.

34. Memory Improvement

Garlic increases the hormone serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that enhances cognitive function. Garlic oil enhances memory and cognitive function in mice by increasing neuronal growth.

35. Extremely delicious taste and easy to use

The latter is not one of the health benefits of garlic, but it is still important. The fact is that garlic is very easy to include in your current diet (it gives the food a unique taste).

Garlic complements the taste of most delicious foods, especially soups and sauces. Also, the strong taste of garlic can change the recipe of delicious food. Garlic is available in a variety of forms, from whole grains and smooth sauces to powders and supplements such as garlic extract and oil.

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